In the first decade of its existence, the Kenya News Agency was tasked with projecting a positive image of Kenya and the work of the Government. The agency has a nationwide network of journalists and was, therefore, initially the primary source of news in the country outside Nairobi. However, as access to rural areas increased, private news organizations began to provide these sources with the news. The agency also made its historical image archive available online in a public portal. This portal also includes audio content from the Kenya Broadcasting Corporation.
Land Degradation Is Progressing At An Alarming Rate In Nairobi.
The latest UN report shows that land degradation costs Africa’s economies between 18 and 20 trillion dollars annually. Land degradation costs are largely man-made, as farmers cut down trees and convert grassland to crops. In addition, animals graze on small patches of land for long periods, damaging the soil. Malawi, Kenya, and Tanzania lost more than $1 billion in farm income in three years due to land degradation.
The causes of land degradation include deforestation, overgrazing, agricultural practices, overuse of vegetative cover, and industrial activities. In Nairobi, these factors are escalating at an alarming rate. Several measures are in place to curb environmental damage, including more awareness of the risks and solutions for reversing the trend. While the main culprits are largely human, underlying issues include migratory movements, economic development, and climate change.
Corruption Was Rampant
The Kenyan economy was hit by rampant corruption, one of the key obstacles to private sector development. This discouraged foreign investors and made business in Kenya unattractive. Corruption in the public sector made compliance with administrative requirements arduous and time-consuming. According to one survey, one-in-six companies paid bribes to acquire operating licenses or construction permits. Furthermore, foreign firms were accused of failing to comply with Kenyan procurement laws.
To end the corrupt culture in Kenya, the legal system must make corruption costly. Fines must be stiffer, and mandatory jail terms must be imposed. The ethics and anti-corruption Commission should be empowered to pursue perpetrators. In addition, proceeds of economic crimes should be channeled back to the public. Criminals would also be barred from public office and business for a few years. As a result, the country would see a decrease in corruption.
Human Rights Violations Were Not Investigated.
In 2005, the National Human Rights Commission of Kenya was criticized for its inability to visit penal institutions in Kenya, even when it had the power to do so. In addition, the police prevented the Commission from accessing prisons and penal institutions so that it could not investigate any abuses. Despite the Commission’s efforts, 80 percent of court cases alleging torture go uninvestigated by magistrates. Moreover, in a 2005 report, the Human Rights Commission reported that the police were responsible for more than 500 extrajudicial executions by the police.
Following the election, violent post-election violence in Kenya erupted, resulting in looting, destruction of property, and death. In addition, sexual violence afflicted people in six of Kenya’s eight provinces. The Kenyan security forces targeted men and women disproportionately, causing further distress. Victims of sexual violence were frightened to report the abuses for fear of retribution and stigma. In addition, witnesses of such crimes were often turned away.